From the Trail of Communist Crimes Against Croatian Patriots

Đuro Zagajski (Djuro Zagajski) Murdered in Germany as part of Yugoslav communist purges 26/27 March 1983

Former Yugoslavia was the most aggressive among socialist countries in using assassinations, murders, as a means of protecting the communist state and the communist party from its opponents. Over its 45-year existence, the UDBA, the Yugoslav State Security Service, murdered several dozens of its political enemies, mostly Croats, abroad. These do not include mass murders of hundreds of thousands of Croats immediately after World War Two whose remains lie in 1,000 pits and mass graves so far uncovered. To know that children or grandchildren of these murderers still enjoy the perks their ancestors received from the communist regime for participating in these murderous sprees sends shivers down the spines of all who hold justice dear.  To know that some of the descendants of these communist murderers may be holding powerful positions in today’s Croatia is unthinkably cruel. We know, nothing has really been done in systematic processing of communist crimes committed against Croats in Croatia during the existence of former Yugoslavia. This tragedy, for sure, is one of the fundamental reasons why Croatia has not made progress with democracy in which the rule of law and justice are paramount.  

Djuro Zagajski is just one of many Croatian emigrants, Croatian patriots, who fled communist Yugoslavia, who were closely monitored by the Yugoslav Intelligence Services UDBa even after they left Yugoslavia, with the goal of organising assassinations of Croats monitored. According to a report by the Council for the Identification of Post-War Victims of the Communist System Killed Abroad, which operated within the 1991-1999 Commission for the Identification of War and Post-War Victims, the Yugoslav Communist Service murdered 63 Croats abroad, however this number has risen to 74 by research completed in June 2020 (Tomislav Djurasovic). In addition, 25 Croats survived assassination attempts in the diaspora, 5 still considered missing and 5 kidnapped. Djuro Zagajski is one of about 30 Croats assassinated by Yugoslav communist secret services within the borders of Germany and to date nobody has been held responsible for his murder 39 years ago, this weekend.

Croatian patriots murdered by Yugoslav Secret Services UDBA by country in which they lived and by year (Source: Tomislav Djurasovic)
Top left: Croats missing in diaspora, Top right Croats kidnapped in diaspora in communist purges, Bottom columns: Croats who survived communist purges’ assassination attempts in the diaspora (Source: Tomislav Djurasovic)

After the quashing of the “Croatian Spring” in late 1971, which was a mass movement that lobbied for greater autonomy of Croatia within communist Yugoslavia, the Yugoslav communist Party headed by Josip Broz Tito admitted that even after hundreds of arrests and imprisonments much still remained to be done “to liquidate all the remaining chauvinist hotbeds in the society.” According to Tanjug, the official Yugoslav press agency, Croatia’s Communist party leaders made an appeal on 15 December 1971 to all organisations and members to join the fight against “nationalist aberrations.” Hence, the communist murderous hands extended to the Croatian patriots living outside Croatia and Yugoslavia with greater frequency and depraved viciousness.

The Croats made up 22 per cent of Yugoslavia’s 20 million inhabitants and had contributed the most towards Yugoslavia’s government revenue. The enormous economic problems of Yugoslavia that evolved had contributed toward reviving Croatian antagonism toward the central Government, which has diverted some of the revenues of Croatia’s highly developed industry for investments in more backward republics. Croatian Spring movement was to bring a better balance, but it caused an acceleration of assassinations, murders, and purges of Croatian patriots.  

Djuro Zagajski, born on October 2, 1939, in Zagreb, attempted to escape from Yugoslavia several times as a minor. Political persecution and oppression by the communist Yugoslavia regime often resulted in murder or assassination of patriotic Croats within Croatia and within the diaspora to where multitudes fled. Djuro once succeeded to flee across the border, but was returned to Yugoslavia by the Austrian authorities, where he first spent two months in prison and was later sent to serve in the compulsory military service. Returning from the obligated service in the Yugoslav People’s Army to Zagreb, he was arrested again and sentenced to two years in prison for “enemy propaganda”. Finally, in July 1967, Zagajski again decided to flee Yugoslavia and went to Germany, where he was granted political asylum. In the following period, he took part in many demonstrations and public rallies against Yugoslavia and followed emigrant publications.

On 22nd January 1982, the State Security Services (SDS) Operational Centre Zagreb initiated and began “Operational processing” of Djuro Zagajski.

The operational treatment of him was proposed by Zdravko Mustač, head of the SDS Zagreb Centre, and Josip Perkovic, head of the Second Department of the SDS Headquarters of the Socialist Republic of Croatia, and was approved by Vinko Bilic, the head of the SDS Socialist Republic of Croatia, while the operational processing had since been led by Milan Munjas, an operational worker of the SDS Zagreb Centre. (As a reminder both above mentioned Zdravko Mustac and Josip Perkovic were in 2016 both sentenced to life imprisonment by the German Court for abetting the murder of Croatian emigrant in Germany, Stjepan Djurekovic, as part of their role in the Yugoslav State Security Services/SDS, which was about purges of Croatian patriots and political opponents of communism.) The SDS Operational Processing of Zagajski as with all similar cases meant the drawing of pathways and information about the movements of the target with the aim of his assassination.

A person of special trust of Đuro Zagajski was Stjepan Mesek, who was an agent of the SDS Zagreb Centre under the code names “Karlo” and “Dubravko”. He was kept in communication pathways from November 1981 to March 1983 by Miso Deveric and Milan Munjas – employees of the Second Department of the SDS Centre Zagreb.

The associate that was known under the code name “Emin” was kept in the loop and operations by the employees of the SDS Varazdin Centre, Milan Tesla and Ilija Dodik, and as instructed by Josip Perkovic.

Dušan Sime Peris was hired on June 12, 1981, and his code name was “Dukat”.

Zlabnik Damir and Roguljic Mladen, employee of the Second Department of the SDS Zagreb Centre at the time when the head of the Centre was Franjo Vugrinec.

The statement of the associate “Jerko” dated December 2, 1982, signed by him says the following: “I, Branko Sklepic, born on January 7, 1947, temporarily working in the Federal Republic of Germany, Munich, voluntarily and without coercion, declare that I will undertake on a voluntary basis, to loyally provide data to Security Services. Since I am moving in the company of extreme emigrants in Munich, such as Zagajski Djuro, etc., I will share all the information, either in writing or in direct contact with the SDS service. ” “Jerko” was led by the employee of the Second Department of the SDS Zagreb Centre Damir Zlabnik, at the time when the head of the Centre was Franjo Vugrinec.

The collaborator “Pjesnik” was Miro Skrinjaric, led by employee of the Second Department of the SDS Zagreb Centre Miso Deveric, at the time when the head of the Centre was Franjo Vugrinec.

In addition to them, a certain Milan Doric also played a big role – under the code names of “Hanzi”, “Milan”, “Flora” and “Pagan”.

In the night between Saturday and Sunday, March 26-27, 1983, emigrant Djuro Zagajski, a native of Zagreb, was killed.

The dead body of Đuro Zagajski was found in the morning in an open field in the Pheasant Garden Park in Munich. Zagajski was a friend and collaborator of Stanko Nizic (killed on August 23, 1981, in Zurich), Stjepan Đurekovic (killed on July 28, 1983 in Wolfratshausen near Munich) and Luka Kraljevic (survived several assassinations).

Months before Zagajski’s murder, an associate of the Zagreb UDBa under the pseudonym “Karlo” submitted reports on the activities of Croatian emigrants in Germany and Switzerland. The main person in these reports was Djuro Zagajski.

Associate of the Varazdin UDBa under the pseudonym “Emin” in a statement dated February 25, 1983, a month before the murder, he claims that Djuro Zagajski has gained complete trust in him and that lately he has been able to mostly come to his apartment and stay longer, while he previously avoided going anywhere outside public places together. Now he is ready to drive alone with “Emina” in his car… preparing patriotic Croats for slaughter was the modus operandi leading to murder… the grotesque character of the communist Yugoslavia still haunts. Ina Vukic


  1. Dean Jackson says:

    “These do not include mass murders of hundreds of thousands of Croats immediately after World War Two whose remains lie in 1,000 pits and mass graves so far uncovered.”

    That’s not a possibility with a collapse of communism in Yugoslavia, and we have verified proof from the Library of Congress that no such collapse occurred, but instead Yugoslavia witnessed a surge in communist party membership in preparation for the feigned ‘collapse’ of communism…

    During the period of ’glasnost’ Soviet authorities released false numbers for communist party membership. However, those fudged numbers weren’t what one would expect. Instead of attempting to shore up a crumbling political establishment by inflating communist party membership, Soviet authorities instead deflated the real numbers in order to give credence to a ’collapsing’ political system; communist party membership continued to climb throughout the ‘glasnost’ period:

    Official and unofficial Soviet statements have referred
    to resignations from the Party, to an overall loss in its
    membership and even to the possibility of its long-term
    disintegration. The New York Times of 4 November 1990,
    quoting the Central Committee paper ‘Glasnost’, gives a
    decline in membership of from over 19 million to 17.7 million.
    A more reliable figure can be derived from the
    representation at the Party’s 1990 Congress. This was
    attended by 4,700 delegates each representing 5,000 Party
    members – indicating a total membership of 23.5 million, a
    figure consistent with the increase in the strength of the
    Central Committee from over 300 to 412 members.”1

    The same subterfuge was taking place in the East Bloc nations, as illustrated in the case of Yugoslavia. The Library of Congress Federal Research Division 1990 Area Handbook Series study on Yugoslavia informs us regarding the League of Communists of Yugoslavia (LCY), the name of Yugoslavia‘s sole political party:

    LCY membership decreased slightly in the 1980s.
    The last increase was recorded in 1982, and in
    1988 membership fell below 2 million
    for the first time since 1979.2

    The Library of Congress informs us that the last increase in LCY membership occurred in 1982 and that the actual number fell below 2 million in 1988. Since the last increase in LCY membership took place in 1982, then LCY membership couldn’t rise above its “below 2 million’ figure after 1988, unless, of course, the figures presented were being manipulated. And manipulated the figures were.

    Incredibly in the same study the Library of Congress has access to the real numbers for LCY membership, inadvertently included in the study’s coverage of the LCY’s 1990 Fourteenth Party Congress:

    The Fourteenth Party Congress included 1,688 delegates, of
    which 994 were elected by local commune party conferences
    (1 delegate per 2,000 party members).3

    So let’s do the math to determine if the LCY more or less maintained its “below 2 million” membership number count in 1990…

    1,688 X 2,000 = 3,376,000

    Wouldn’t you know it, a whopping 40.75% increase in LCY membership throughout the 1980s, and as in the USSR example, in preparation for the fraudulent ‘collapse‘ of communism in Yugoslavia. Throughout 1980s LCY membership was massively increasing in numbers, not decreasing as the Marxist co-opted Library of Congress would have us believe.


    Communist Control Of Yugoslav ‘Civil Wars’

    The massive increase in numerical strength of the LCY allowed for scripted and controlled dirty wars between ‘secessionist’ Orthodox, Catholic and Muslim factions during the Yugoslav Wars, 1991-2001, where the religious factions conspired to not wipe out the 9% of the population that attempted to do away with religion altogether in Yugoslavia, proving the wars were orchestrated and controlled by the communist faction:

    Like in most former Communist countries in Central, Eastern

    and South-Eastern Europe, the means and actions applied by

    the Yugoslav Government between 1945 and 1990 to reduce

    the influence of religions and religious organizations were

    quite effective: While there was just a tiny group of people

    who regarded themselves to be without a religion before the

    Second World War (less than 0.1% of the population),

    this number grew to 13% in 1953 and to 32% in 1987.4

    Before any religious sectarian strife, first there would have been massive reprisals against the reviled Communists who implemented draconian discriminatory policies to wipe out religion in Yugoslavia. LCY anti-religious discriminatory policies were so effective that within fifty years those who were without a religion increased by an astronomical 3,100%! The fact that no reprisals took place against LCY members proves that the breakup of Yugoslavia was manufactured and controlled by the Communists.

    1. The Perestroika Deception, KGB Major Anatoliy Golitsyn, (1995), pp. 122-123.

    2. Library of Congress: Federal Research Division 1990 Area Handbook Series: Yugoslavia

    3. Ibid.

    4. Religions and religious institutions in the post-Yugoslav states between secularization and resurgence, Reinhard Henkel (2009)

    • Dean, I would think that the fast and free falling economy and standard of living particularly during 1980’s which saw astronomical inflation rates of over 1000% may have created fear and uncertainty in people and so a surge in memberships in the Party, which had been seen by many as a bed rock for personal existence albeit a corrupt one. I distinctly remember the 1970’s when I spent 10 years there studying and working that in the whole of Yugoslavia the Party Membership was said to be low, about 2 million, However, the Party members held all key position in society and, hence power, from School Principles to company directors to University Rectors to government officials and employees. Hence, to my way of thinking, the actual number of Communist Party members in Yugoslavia is more or less irrelevant but what is most relevant is where those members were employed and how much control they had…

  2. Dean Jackson says:

    “Dean, I would think that the fast and free falling economy and standard of living particularly during 1980’s which saw astronomical inflation rates of over 1000% may have created fear and uncertainty in people and so a surge in memberships in the Party…”

    Thank you for that information, it does explain a key variable for how Belgrade managed to increase LCY numbers to such a staggering degree.

    Do understand that persistent inflation isn’t a punishment sent by God. Persistent inflation is caused by the government’s increase of the money supply, hence we see the hand of Belgrade indirectly implementing its policy to increase party membership. And this increase was kept an open secret,* as was the case in the USSR, which alerts us to the mechanism by which Belgrade and Moscow could allow for the loosening of political control, because now there were more party members to manage a decentralized society, contrasted with previous tight control of Belgrade when LCY numbers were much lower.
    * To find the truth, one would have to dig into respective nations’ Party Congress literature and do the math, contrasting that math with the numbers put out by the media.

  3. Reading this post brought chills back as I remember reports of this war and its atrocities. And those reports were only a fraction of what really went on..

    Reading your reply to Dean, about the reasons many joined the party was the mass inflation and seeing how many in the Communists parties were put in key official positions..
    Reminds me of today and the infiltration of Corporations within all the areas you mentions,
    And the same held narratives that reverberate around the world..

    As always Ina… Thank you for all you share and I hope to God we learn and do not keep repeating these cycles of War ..

    New Earth has a long way to go unless a Miracle happens… Which I pray for often..
    Much love dear Ina.. <3

  4. Tanto dolor sentimos en Colombia por todo lo que os pasa.

  5. These massacres tend to recur, which shows a complete disregard for precious human life. I send my love to you.

    • Love and greetings to you also Micheline. It seems there are always those who enter into depravity of taking human lives out of no reason except their personal ambitions in all fields and at all levels. It is for that reason that we remind the world of that to perhaps keep the hope alive that killings will stop.


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