Croatia: Bleiburg Massacres Victims Still Hostages Of Communist Ideology

President Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovic At Bleiburg Massacres monument 13 May 2015 Photo: Office of the President, Croatia

President Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovic
At Bleiburg Massacres monument 13 May 2015
Photo: Office of the President, Croatia

Croatian media sources say some 30,000 and Austrian sources say some 50,000 people gathered at the Bleiburg field in Austria on Saturday 16 May 2015 to bow and pay respects to the post-WWII victims of heinous communist crimes.

This year marks the 70th anniversary of the terrible deaths suffered at the hands of the communists who still hide their crimes by rubbing shoulders with the allies and the allied efforts to bring freedom and democracy to nations of Europe.

After WWII ended, in May 1945, several hundreds of thousands of Croats – unarmed soldiers of the WWII Independent State of Croatia and civilians – made their way out of Croatia wanting to surrender to the allies but were murdered after the British army refused to accept the surrender and turned them over to Josip Broz Tito’s Yugoslav army. A large number were slaughtered in the Bleiburg field itself and many died in the following months on marches across Croatia and Yugoslavia – known as the Way of the Cross.

While none of Croatia’s government top-ranking figures were present in Bleiburg on Saturday, as for instance they were at Jasenovac in April, the leader of the parliamentary opposition – Croatian Democratic Union/HDZ, Tomislav Karamarko, was and so were many political and church leaders, including Cardinal Josip Bozanic, the Archbishop of Zagreb.

Centre: Cardinal JOsip Bozanic at Bleiburg 16 May 2015 Photo: Zarko Basic/Pixsell

Centre: Cardinal Josip Bozanic
at Bleiburg 16 May 2015
Photo: Zarko Basic/Pixsell

Seventy years ago, a large part of Europe and the world celebrated liberation from totalitarian ideologies of evil, and what Croatia remembers about May 1945 are horrible massacres, crimes against humanity committed under the symbol of the five-pointed star,” said Bozanic at Bleiburg.

The cardinal recalled that in 1945, unlike Western Europe, in Croatia and some other central and east European countries one totalitarian regime was replaced by another totalitarian regime and that Nazi-fascism was replaced by communism.

For us, the establishment of the communist totalitarian system meant the beginning of new persecutions, imprisonment and killing of innocent people; pits and foibas (sinkholes) and mass graves that have not been located and investigated yet testify to that,” said Bozanic.

It’s finally the time that those responsible for these terrible victims are named…Croatian social-democracy will never be a true social-democracy until it distances itself from the crimes of Josip Broz Tito, only when they do that will the Croatian Left be born,” said Tomislav Karamarko at Bleiburg.

Front: Tomislav Karamarko,  Leader of the Opposition/HDZ At Bleiburg 16 May 2015 Photo:

Front: Tomislav Karamarko,
Leader of the Opposition/HDZ
At Bleiburg 16 May 2015


President Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović travelled alone to Bleiburg, to Macelj and to Tezno (all a handful from hundreds of mass graves or communist mass murder sites) on Wednesday 13 May, to pay her respects away from the media attention. She laid wreaths and bouquets of flowers, with the following words on her mind and her lips:
The end of the Second world war and the victory over Nazism, to which the Croatian people significantly contributed, also marked the beginning of one of the most tragic chapters in Croatian history. In just a few post-war months multitudes of captured soldiers and civilians were either murdered or perished from torture and exhaustion…While showing respect to the victims of the Way of the Cross at Bleiburg, in Tezno and Macelj, I have a moral duty to condemn the regime that persecuted and murdered people. A crime is a crime and it cannot be justified by any ideology.”


President Grabar-KItarovic at Macelj massacre site 13 May 2015 Photo: Office of the President, Croatia

President Grabar-KItarovic
at Macelj massacre site 13 May 2015
Photo: Office of the President, Croatia


Prime Minister Zoran Milanovic, Parliament Speaker Josip Leko said and Defence Minister Ante Kotromanovic paid their respects to the victims of the Way of the Cross marches on Friday 15 May in Tezno. Crimes committed by Communists at the end of World War II have stained “a just fight” and Croatia today condemns all crimes committed in the name of any ideology, Milanovic and Leko said.

The past cannot be changed, but for the sake of new generations, crimes committed in the name of any ideology must be condemned, Parliament Speaker Leko said.

I came here for the people who were killed at the end of a war. This is a tragic, horrible event, which puts a stain on a just fight and one should not run from it, nor do I run from it. I am here as Croatia’s prime minister and statesman,” Croatia’s Prime Minister said before laying a wreath at the site.

Prime Minister Zoran Milanovic at mass grave Tezno 15 May 2015 Photo: Cropix

Prime Minister Zoran Milanovic
at mass grave Tezno
15 May 2015
Photo: Cropix

What a shame Milanovic did not bother to make as lengthgy a speech at Tezno as he did less than a month ago at Jasenovac! But then again, if he were ready to make a speech at Tezno or any other communist crimes mass grave site he would have to condemn his beloved communist regime as loudly as he condemned the pro-Nazi regime at Jasenovac. That of course, is not yet to be – sadly – but perhaps these words spoken at Tezno suggest former communists and today’s followers of the communist Yugoslavia leading criminal Josip Broz Tito, such as Prime Minister Zoran Milanovic, are making small steps towards full condemnation of horrific crimes committed in the name of communism? It’s difficult to say because all of that red gang stays away from Bleiburg – most likely because it has become a worldwide, reciognisable, symbol of communist Yugoslavia and Tito terror and murderous rampage against humanity and human rights.


The topic of Bleiburg massacres and those along “the Way of the Cross”, where communist death camps grew like mushrooms after rain, was a taboo in communist Yugoslavia. Exact records of numbers that perished have not surfaced as yet, not even the number of civilians, and one is well justified in saying Tito’s communists buried them. However, if one considers the fact that towards the end of WWII the government of Ante Pavelic’s Independent Croatia united or blended into one army the Ustashi (Nazi-collaborating forces) and the Home Guard forces (defenders of Croatian territory from internal and external enemies), thus reaching the number of over 100,000 soldiers, that sources say at least 80% of them had followed the order to retreat, it’s likely that those retreating unarmed soldiers took at least 60,000 civilians with them as they reached Bleiburg. It’s important to note that, towards the end of WWII, while many Home Guards were united into the state army with the Ustashi, quite a number of them defected into the communist Partisan forces and there were also many who wanted nothing to do with either Ustashi or the Partisans, and if captured by either were executed. Further hundreds of thousands more were murdered along the years of Tito’s communist purges and Bleiburg symbolises these deaths as well.

These heinous crimes committed at Bleiburg and along “the Way of the Cross” at the end of WWII and after it, had taken away every right from Tito’s communists to call themselves antifascists. Unlike with other antifascist movements in Europe, these crimes committed by the “antifascist” communists removed any chance of democracy Croatia might have had after WWII. Using the legitimacy of antifascist fight (“the good fight”) Yugoslav communists had established a murderous totalitarian regime and a dictatorship.

The Bleiburg tragedy especially serves as a political jumping-board because it has not been closed, it has left many questions unanswered, especially those to do with murder and extermination of innocent people and why Tito’s communists decided to treat the Home Guards the same as they treated the Ustashi, those responsible for the running of the Holocaust concentration camps. Most Ustashi leaders had fled to South America after WWII, were not among the masses of civilians and soldiers murdered at Bleiburg – who, in this terrible way, were made to carry the full burden and pay for all the crimes committed by the Ustashi regime. The victims of Bleiburg paid with their lives without knowing what it was that they had done!

This injustice continues to this day and it’s a problem of ideological dispute in the daily politics of Croatia; this problem is a much bigger problem than the actual murderous event of Bleiburg 1945. The innocent victims of communist crimes have still not received the full recognition and afforded the full piety they deserve because today’s government and left-winged political elites have monumental difficulties in separating innocent victims from the political ideology others pin them to or the murders from the political ideology that sees communism as force for freedom.



Bleiburg massacres were not revenge killings by communist or antifascists against “fascist” regime of WWII – they were murder of innocent Croatian people.



These murdered victims are held hostage before our very own 21st century eyes by the former communists or the so-called antifascists who keep saying murder of innocent people was justified because “fascism was bad and antifascism was the good fight”. Today’s “antifascists” of Croatia derive their reasoning from the former totalitarian communist regime and are in some ways marked or branded by the same totalitarian regime (that is the case with all who subscribe to or are affected by any totalitarian regime). Their daily political discourse is essentially an ideological conflict that makes them enemies of Croatian national interests, not merely members of political parties that make up what is supposed to be a healthy political discourse that will move the nation closer to fairness and full democracy. The innocent victims of the Holocaust, of camp Jasenovac… have never been treated in such horrid ways as victims of communist crimes have been and the only way to justice is that the political elites subscribing to the glorification of Tito’s antifascists make a radical shift in their thinking and turn towards actual human justice – not appalling and meritless political justification. Ina Vukic, Prof. (Zgb); B.A., M.A.Ps. (Syd)

Communist Crimes: Tito’s Murder Squads Targeted All Croats Who Opposed His Regime

Defendants Josip Perkovic , left,  and Zdravko Mustac, second right,  former members of the Yugoslav secret service,  arrive for their trial in a Munich courtroom  Friday Oct. 17, 2014. A former head of Yugoslavia’s  secret service and a one-time subordinate  have gone on trial in Germany  over the 1983 killing of a Croatian national in Bavaria.  Zdravko Mustac and former subordinate Josip Perkovic,  who later created independent Croatia’s spy agency,  are both charged with being accessories  to the murder of Stjepan Djurekovic.  The dissident was shot and beaten on July 28, 1983  in a garage in Wolfratshausen, near Munich.  (AP Photo//Michaela Rehle,Pool)

Defendants Josip Perkovic , left,
and Zdravko Mustac, second right,
former members of the Yugoslav secret service,
arrive for their trial in a Munich courtroom
Friday Oct. 17, 2014. A former head of Yugoslavia’s
secret service and a one-time subordinate
have gone on trial in Germany
over the 1983 killing of a Croatian national in Bavaria.
Zdravko Mustac and former subordinate Josip Perkovic,
who later created independent Croatia’s spy agency,
are both charged with being accessories
to the murder of Stjepan Djurekovic.
The dissident was shot and beaten on July 28, 1983
in a garage in Wolfratshausen, near Munich.
(AP Photo//Michaela Rehle,Pool)


How much the “West” will have to answer for – or at least express profound regret – as its complicity in Communist crimes is gradually revealed, may be something that will come to light in no other place but Germany. The past couple of decades have been marked with trickles of information, which suggested that the “West” was complicit in murders of Croatian nationals, who had sought refuge from Yugoslav Communist terror abroad. The complicity in this case would be defined by the “West’s” pandering to Communist Yugoslavia and its leader Josip Broz Tito, who served as a kind of a buffer zone between East and West during the Cold War of the last century. In this “pandering” and “wooing” of the cold-blooded murderer Tito by the “West” meant that Tito’s secret police could operate undisturbed and at times even with the assistance of police and secret services throughout that “West”.

The case of the “Croatian Six” in Australia, for example, has seen ample arrows pointing to the likelihood of police services assisting the Yugoslav secret police agents in their murderous, dirty work of persecuting and framing for terrorism freedom loving Croats in Australia.

There are ample cases of similar human darkness in aid of political maps across the Globe.
The former head of Yugoslavia’s secret service, Zdravko Mustac, and a one-time subordinate, Josip Perkovic – who later created independent Croatia’s spy agency, have gone on trial in Germany, on Friday 17 October 2014, over the 1983 killing of a Croatian dissident in Bavaria, Stjepan Djurekovic. They are both charged with being accessories to the murder. Djurekovic was shot and beaten on July 28, 1983, in a garage in Wolfratshausen, near Munich.
Both, Perkovic and Mustac, refused to testify on the charges against them as their trial opened and the Prosecutors allege that Mustac ordered Perkovic to plan and prepare Djurekovic’s killing.
Croatia, under its pro-communist government led by Zoran Milanovic and president Ivo Josipovic, initially refused to extradite Perkovic but bowed to German pressure, and pressure from Brussels, and sent him to Germany in January 2014. It extradited Mustac in April 2014.

The numerous murders of Croats in Germany by the communist Yugoslavia secret police, says Deutsche Welle are among the longest unsolved murders in Germany: Up until the fall of the Berlin Wall, around 30 opponents of the Yugoslav regime were killed in the Federal Republic. Most of them were exiled Croats. The assassination orders came from Belgrade. For years, German investigators searched for the murderers and the people behind them. One of the masterminds was Josip Perkovic. German prosecutors believe the former high-level intelligence agent was responsible for the murder of Stjepan Djurekovic over 30 years ago. Now Perkovic has been indicted in Munich. Philipp Grüll and Frank Hofmann have been looking into this and many other cases. The result is a documentary as exciting as a thriller by John le Carré”.


The above documentary film released is titled “Tito’s Murder Squads” and absolutely eyes-opening, especially in aid of revealing how easy it was for Tito to gobble-up oceans of funds or loans from the West to maintain his Yugoslavia and to maintain the false economy whose main role was to glorify communism in the eyes of the ordinary people; the false sense of prosperity under communism, brainwashing millions and murdering more than a million of innocent people in the process. All Tito needed to do is to split from Joseph Stalin (Russia), which he did – starting in 1948 and finishing in 1955, and “milk and honey” flowed like a wild river from the West into his Yugoslavia while he hatched-up and set into motion secret plans to murder every Croat (or other national within Yugoslavia) who opposed his communist regime.

Tito was marked by resistance to the Nazis and he was traumatised by the fact that the Croats had set up their own nation state with the help of the Nazis, and then fought against him. He never forgot that and for him the war continued. Now, against opponents in exile, like the Croats,” says the documentary film.

The founder of Yugoslavia, Josip Broz Tito, made no distinction between the fascists and democratic opponents. Tito’s Yugoslavia fought them all equally bitterly. They were all to be exterminated! After all, Tito was Stalin’s pupil and protégé regardless of the fact that he broke away from Stalin’s Russia. The “West” did, it seems, believe in Tito and his integrity when it comes to breaking away from Stalin but the truth is that the close bond between Yugoslav and Russian communists never entirely broke off; even today’s close relations of Serbia (Belgrade) with Russia are a testament to that fact, and these relations were cemented during Tito’s time in Belgrade, the capital city of former Yugoslavia.

The Yugoslav secret service went to any length to combat their communist regime’s opponents.

“At the time, our main interest was to find a way to diffuse tensions in Europe and to calm down relations with the Soviet Union,” says Klaus von Dahnanyi (SPD) Former German Deputy Foreign Minister (Close confidant of Willy Brandt, Chancellor of Germany 1969 – 1974) in the documentary film.

It was the Cold War era in Europe and East and West stood facing each other – weapons loaded. Germany’s Social Democrats were trying to find a way out of the confrontation; their new foreign politics also needed Tito’s help. Willy Brandt openly courted Yugoslav support.
The issue of permeating The Wall was an overriding one, especially as far as Yugoslav was concerned, but also Romania too.

Tito’s Yugoslavia was caught between East and West, West Germany rolled out the red carpet in its then capital Bonn. Willy Brandt and the communist leader Tito – the two men’s friendship laid the foundation for a new political concept: to tie Yugoslavia to the West.

Germany supported the communist regime of Yugoslavia with loans. In the early 1970’s hundreds of millions of Deutschmark flowed from Bonn to Belgrade.

Meanwhile, the Yugoslav regime drew up a secret State directive for a special kind of war: the secret service was given the power to fight opponents of the state abroad – signed Josip Broz Tito.”

And so, the “West” left the door ajar for Tito’s Yugoslavia to “slip in” and build an enormous network of spies on its own soil. Croats who had fled or left communist Yugoslavia were spied on, shadowed, marked as enemies of Yugoslav state – the state that “West” decided was its “new-found” friend. Yugoslav Consulates and Embassies across the “West” became centres for the communist spy rings. Instructions to label all Croats terrorists and fascists, instructions to murder freedom from communism activists, instructions to frame Croats as terrorists, instructions to murder the leaders of communist opposition abroad came from Belgrade, the Yugoslav capital, as well as from other parts of Yugoslavia. The Yugoslav secret service drew up death lists and meticulously planned dozens of murders of Croatian nationals across the Globe.

Soon after the re-unification of Germany its then Foreign Minister Klaus Kinkel (who was West Germany’s minister of justice when the nation was unified) said this at a session of parliament in September 1991when speaking of communist crimes in East Germany: “We must punish the perpetrators. This is not a matter of a victor’s justice. We owe it to the ideal of justice and to the victims. All of those who ordered injustices and those who executed the orders must be punished; the top men of the SED (Socialist Unity Party of East Germany) as well as the ones who shot [people] at the wall.”

Aware that the feelings against communists were running high among their victims, Kinkel pointed to past revolutions after which the representatives of the old system were collectively liquidated. In the same speech before parliament, he said:

Such methods are alien to a state ruled by law. Violence and vengeance are incompatible with the law in any case. At the same time, we cannot tolerate that the problems are swept under the rug as a way of dealing with a horrible past, because the results will later be disastrous for society. We Germans know from our own experience where this leads. Jewish philosophy formulates it in this way: ‘The secret of redemption is called remembering.’”

Months will pass before Perkovic and Mustac murder trials are over in Germany. Whether they are found guilty or innocent of the particular murder they are on trial for does not matter in the big scheme of things to do with communist crimes. What matters most is that this trial represents a dawn of a new future – the future that will not tolerate communist crimes cover-ups and the future, which will undoubtedly make use of the facts uncovered during this trial. For Croatia it will also mean that its political elite of former communists and antifascists will need to walk the streets lowering their head in shame. Tito’s Communist Yugoslavia secret police UDBA was worse than the WWII Hitler’s Gestapo when one only looks at the oppression and fear it spread, let alone the liquidations of its regime’s opponents that remain in part as unsolved murders but in their multitudes as skeletons buried in many hundreds of mass graves and dark underground pits across Croatia and the former Yugoslavia. Ina Vukic, Prof. (Zgb); B.A., M.A.Ps. (Syd)

Croatia: Could Communist Crimes Deniers Vanish, Please!

From Left: Stjepan Mesic, Slavko Goldstein, Milorad Pupovac  Photo: Zeljko Mrsic/Pixsell

From Left: Stjepan Mesic, Slavko Goldstein, Milorad Pupovac
Photo: Zeljko Mrsic/Pixsell

When an online news article attracts 2,130 comments then you know it’s touching the nerve of a nation; that’s especially so if that country has a population of 4.4 million.

One of such news article appeared Saturday 27 July in Croatia’s Vecernji List portal and it’s title: Mesic: An uprising occurred in Srb and Ustashephiles won’t be able to change that!

Marking the 72nd Anniversary of the uprising of people of Lika and Kordun happened in Srb (Lika region), Croatia, on Saturday. Present were Croatia’s former president Stjepan Mesic (a die-hard communist), and his political chums Milorad Pupovac (a leader of some but not all Croatian Serbs/) and Slavko Goldstein (representing at the event Croatia’s president Ivo Josipovic but otherwise author, historian and served in communist Yugoslav Partisan forces during WWII).

Celebrating the “Srb uprising” (July 1941) has been a very sore and controversial issue in Croatia and to this day it divides the Croatian nation, I dare say because the communist partisan’s crimes committed there have not been either properly acknowledged or prosecuted. Opinions vary regarding the Srb Uprising: some say it was a rebellion against the WWII Ustashe regime in Croatia, some say it was a Serb Chetnik retaliation (with Greater Serbia goals) against local Ustashe, some say it was a part of communist partisan antifascist strategy with majority Serbs forming the lines of uprising, many say it was not an uprising but the beginning of Serb Chetnik killing orgies against Croatian people …

The tally of truth is that the Yugoslav communist partisans here slaughtered multitudes of innocent Croatians and their followers today justify these crimes of “retaliation” as just!

Since when have retaliation or revenge mitigated crimes in the eyes of the law?

Only since communist crimes began it seems.

On Saturday 27 July nearby the Srb commemoration site a group led by the Autochthon Croatian Party of Rights protested against the antifascist Srb commemoration claiming that the Srb Uprising was not an antifascist operation in WWII but a pure Serb Chetnik murderous spree against Croatians.

When Mesic was president of Croatia he said:

No one defends neither the first nor the second Yugoslavia, or denies the flaws and failures of these states. No one defends or justifies the crimes committed on the winning side by noting that these were individual crimes, even when they were bulk, while the crimes of the Ustasha regime were regime’s policy”.

On Saturday at Srb, the same Stjepan Mesic, now honorary president of Croatian antifascist association, jumped into his own mouth and said that “an uprising against the Nazi fascist occupiers occurred in Srb and the hidden Ustashephiles will not be able to change the history…”. Hence, he is justifying communist crimes and defending them by not even mentioning that there were many of those as a consequence of Srb uprising.

Mesic forgot to mention that during his presidency of Croatia (2000 – 2010) and to this day there have been discovered hundreds of new mass graves, pits, where remains of innocent victims of WWII Communist Partisan crimes lie. He forgot to conclude that such evidence is irrefutable testimony of mass war crimes being the policy of the communist regime.  1,700 mass graves across former Yugoslavia: Slovenia nearly 600, Croatia 850, Bosnia and Herzegovina 90 and Serbia about 190.

That number spells organised crime, is a manifestation of communist and antifascist policy.

So as far as I am concerned Stjepan Mesic and all those who keep insulting the victims of communist crimes (any victim, for that matter) by calling those who want justice for them Ustashephiles, by justifying the communist crimes for political reasons, who keep on with the rhetoric about needing to make those who perpetrated the crimes answerable but do nothing to make prosecution happen when it comes to their communist comrades, should go away or be made to go away and stop obstructing justice. Those like Stjepan Mesic who will not see that the need to prosecute and condemn communist crimes has nothing to do with changing history as a matter of some political juggling game but everything to do with putting the history right in accordance with irrefutable evidence can vanish from my global neighbourhood too. I’m more interested in the pursuit for justice for victims of communist crimes than being exposed to the utter vulgarities Croatia’s so-called antifascists are peddling about. Ina Vukic, Prof. (Zgb); B.A., M.A.Ps. (Syd)

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