Spies for Tito and murderous Communist Yugoslavia infiltrated the BBC

Mitja Mersol 1974 Photo:njena.sl

According to Jack Grimston of the Sunday Times (25 March), and The Australian, newly released secret files in Slovenia (a former Yugoslav state) revealed that BBC World Service was infiltrated by a ring of informants run by the secret police of Communist Yugoslavia (UDBA).

The spies had the task of briefing Yugoslav Marshall Tito and his secret service on their Yugoslav and British colleagues and on dissident émigrés living in Britain.

One of the informants unmasked is Mitja Mersol, currently an MP in Slovenia, who worked as an announcer for the BBC World Service during 1970’s. His UDBA codename: “Linguist”

The secret files portray London as a fertile and active ground for covert cold war operations and maneuvering between Yugoslav agents and anti-Communist émigrés,

Jure Brankovic from the Slovenian Pop TV station reported on the secret papers as showing that UDBA received a stream of information from the spies at BBC from 1950’s to 1980’s.

The secret papers show that before Mersol started at the BBC in 1971, he was issued with a special camera by the UDBA to photograph documents and he was instructed in the use of a secret writing system.

Mersol gained the confidence of colleagues and émigrés, reporting back on topics such as their anti-Communist plotting, their love lives and who was in the pay of Scotland Yard.

The Sunday Times reports that last week Mersol said that he had worked in a way that had ‘harmed no one’.

Adding, “a man does many things in his life. Every man is a judge of his own actions and I have long ago drawn a line under what happened 40 years ago. We at that time lived in a different country, with a different system and in different circumstances.”

Mersol may not have physically harmed anyone but as a spy for one of the most murderous secret services in Europe (more murderous than the Soviet bloc’s one, as claimed by Dr. John R. Schindler, author of book: “Agents Provocateurs: Terrorism, Espionage, and the Secret Struggle for Yugoslavia, 1945 – 1990” )

It stands to logic and reason that he contributed to the information needed by UDBA to plan and execute assassinations, whether her knew what UDBA was up to or not. But in any case, the fact that UDBA was on a killing spree of Croatians and other anti-Communists living abroad  was public knowledge and public suspicion so it would seem highly unlikely that he himself did not know anything about UDBA’s operations.

Dr Schindler asserts that Tito was useful to the West, so UDBA crimes were mostly ignored, even when Yugoslav agents killed abroad, frequently.

The former communist regime in Yugoslavia has a terrible history of assassinations directed against its opponents. Between 1946 and 1991 the many UDBA assassinations and assassination attempts victims were mostly Croatian émigrés, although others were targeted. The attacks were usually carried out by small teams consisting of a trigger-man supported by a spotter and were always carefully planned. The attacks were often made as targets entered or left their homes since this was the point at which they were most vulnerable and where a case of mistaken identity was least likely.

The last known UDBA hit in Britain took place on 20 October 1988 when Nikola Stedul, a 51-year-old Croatian émigré, was gunned down outside his home in Kirkcaldy, Scotland. For various reasons, the attack did not go smoothly. Stedul survived it although he was severely wounded in the head. His assailant was arrested a few hours later at Heathrow airport and identified as one Vinko Sindicic—a Yugoslav known to Western intelligence services.

The entire incident demonstrated the bankruptcy of the Yugoslav system, Brian Gallagher wrote in 2003. Furthermore, the article written by Gallagher points to the fact that Sindicic made his way back to Croatia in 1998 and that charges against him for the murder of Croatian dissident Bruno Busic in Paris was thrown out in 2000 for lack of evidence.

No surprise there. In 2000, former Communists (Social Democrats) were in government and former communist Stjepan Mesic was the president. They weren’t going to bend over backwards to look for or produce evidence they may have known about as former high-ranking communists.

One can say that while many Croatian people won independence under Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ) slogan “Everything for Croatia” the antifascists within it (aka communists) operated under the slogan that came very close to “Everything against Croatia”.

Who knows what new documents and evidence of such Communist crimes will also see light of day and whether they will be processed in courts as they should. Whatever comes out of these revelations one thing is for sure: another flag of truth about why Croatians had no alternative but to free themselves from the oppression and prison that was Yugoslavia for them.  One can only hope that Mersol, having said that under Yugoslavia people lived under a different system and different circumstances, will take the matter further and enlighten the world some more about those circumstances. Ina Vukic, Prof. (Zgb); B.A., M.A.Ps. (Syd)

Read related blog on www.pengovsky.com

Croatian Anti-EU activists demand postponement of referendum while the Minister of Foreign Affairs Vesna Pusic says if people vote No to EU membership there’ll be no money!

Things are hotting up in Croatia as the designated EU accession referendum date (22 January) draws closer.

The “official” campaigns have started early this week.

Both the current and the previous government representatives are calling upon the citizens to turn up and vote “Yes” for EU membership.

Both governments had not in past years encouraged public dialogue on EU accession (the ex HDZ government was incumbent and today’s government’s foreign minister Vesna Pusic / member of governing Kukuriku alliance, was head of the National committee on EU negotiations), but rather communicated EU accession in a very top-down, state-centred manner, where they processed information and briefed the public in small meals of their successes.

Although the government has published a ridiculous and scanty publication “Myths and legends about the EU”, where some questions on national identity and sovereignty are answered with cartoons and few sentences barely fit for a grade 3 student at a Primary school, negative sentiments and possible negative consequences for Croatia as EU member were left to some media outlets, minor political parties and individual citizens. Their voices though were not as strong and their supporting funds relatively poor.

I find it repulsive that the foreign minister Vesna Pusic is using cold-cash as a carrot to secure the “Yes” vote. The way things are at dire disarray, EU is no longer the place where things run smoothly or where milk and honey run freely. It is absolutely irresponsible to bring money into the debate, leaving an impression that if citizens vote “Yes” to EU they may do it for the money, branding themselves as dependants, which they are not! Croatia is a nation of hard working people in essence – one only needs to look at the great successes multitudes of Croatians who fled Communism have made of their hard working life in the West since late 1940’s (and before).

It is widely accepted and known that many Croatian’s still suffer from “the-Government-will-get-the-money-I-need-to-live” aberrant mood, instilled during the Communist Yugoslavia reign (1945 – 1991). Instead of educating the people into self-reliance and the need for all individuals to contribute to the country’s wellbeing, the mainstream political forces seem bent on retaining the retardant remnants of that past.

It was a false economy used to brainwash the people to think how Communism was a great thing and it is a false economy now to tell the people that reforms and strengthening of the economy will only be successful if they join the EU!

The foreign minister Vesna Pusic said on January 2: “Should the citizens decide against EU, we remain where we are – without money”. She further explained that in case of “No” vote the government would continue with reforms but with much less money. That the referendum would need to be repeated in say 6-12 months or that EU could take the view for Croatia to be placed in the EU accession package with the rest of the countries from the region.

The Croatian government is thus killing Croatia’s hard-earned sovereignty pride for the Euro before it gives its people a proper chance to think about what joining the EU may mean to the hard earned sovereignty and self determination.

One would expect the former and current government representatives would at least mention Croatia’s War of Independence (1991-1995) in their leading campaign phrases or catchwords.

After all, thousands of Croatians were killed in battles, hundreds of thousands displaced refugees, many thousands still regarded as missing…

The question of sovereignty and self-determination had haunted Croatians for a thousand years! Independence was achieved with almost unfathomable costs to the human being and yet the government brushes this aside as it raises its EU campaign platform on “Yes” and money!

But there is hope for the ordinary citizen yet – the referendum may be postponed?

On January 3 the non-parliamentary political parties, civil society organisations and prominent individuals in Croatia that make up “The Council for Croatia – no to EU” movement have asked Croatian institutions to annul the decision on holding the referendum on January 22 and to organise a public discussion in which both the EU proponents and opponents would be given equal opportunities to express their position.

The movement is currently joined by 12 political parties, 11 organisations and several prominent individuals (including Prof.dr.sc. Davor Pavuna, Academic Prof. dr. Josip Pecaric, Dr, sc. Slaven Letica, Prof. dr. sc. Velimir Srica, dr.sc.Srecko Sladoljev, mr. Karino Hromin Sturm, dr.med. Aleksandar Soltysik, Vladimir Biondic…) who say that they’ve joined authentic forces with the goal of defending Croatia’s sovereignty.

Vera Tomasic, President of Croatian Party of Rights Dr Ante Starcevic, told the Croatian Times that “Croatia and its people are not ready to vote so soon. There should be a detailed and transparent analysis about the benefits and harm to Croatia by joining the EU”.

Referendums are a form of direct democracy. They decide on issues of national importance. The government would have the duty of putting before the people both the “Case For” and the “Case Against” and let the people decide. This has not happened in Croatia (yet). Perhaps the people of Croatia should truly exercise their direct democratic power and give a slamming vote of no confidence to the government forthwith! Ina Vukic, Prof.(Zgb), B.A., M.A.Ps.(Syd)

Related Posts: http://inavukic.com/2011/12/28/zoran-milanovic-not-flash-gordon-or-zorro-but-speedy-gonzales-perhaps/

Referendum campaigns Links:

No to EU/ or 22 January referendum campaigners include:


















Yes to EU campaigns include:

Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs – publications on EU:


and political parties:



Croatia’s likely new foreign minister Vesna Pusic – feeble foundations for honesty

Vesna Pusic is likely to be appointed as Croatia’s new Foreign Affairs Minister this week. She is the president of the Croatian People’s Party (HNS) (a part of the Kukuriku/Cock-a-doodle-doo centre-left alliance that won majority votes in December 4 general elections). She has also served as chairperson for Croatia’s National Committee for Tracking Croatia’s negotiations in the accession to EU.

She entered politics in 1997 when she wanted to use “all possible means” to oust from government the late dr Franjo Tudjman and his ruling Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ) (http://biografije.org/pusic_vesna.htm). She didn’t succeed.

At general elections in 2000 Vesna barely made it to parliament, but she was still elected HNS president. She was the only candidate and was elected unanimously.

The support she receives from the former communists, anti-fascists who will stop at nothing to protect from prosecution or questioning the communist regime’s crimes, has been her ticket to success it seems.

She worked closely with Stjepan Mesic, ousted as Speaker of Croatian Parliament and member of HDZ in 1994 due to attempted coup against Tudjman. In 1997 Mesic’s Croatian Independent Democrats (HND) party merged into HNS.

The newspaper article on Pusic’s father Eugen Pusic (died 2010) in Croatia’s Vecernji List (http://www.vecernji.hr/vijesti/otac-vesne-pusic-bio-je-natporucnik-sudac-vojsci-ndh-clanak-354802 article in Croatian) reveals that Eugen Pusic was a Lieutenant Major Judge in the Ustashi run Independent State of Croatia World War II, worked in high ranks of headquarters of the army etc.

Vesna’s father had completely omitted and suppressed  the years 1939- 1945 from his biography on the Croatian Academy of Sciences (HAZU) website (http://info.hazu.hr/eugen_pusic_biografija in Croatian/accessed 11.12.2011) and since Vesna is well on her way to becoming Croatia’s next foreign minister it’s deemed in public interest to look at all aspects of her life.

Given her political rise within Croatia’s anti-fascist echelon since 1997 it stands to reason that her father’s  hiding of the “darker” side of his biography from public knowledge may have served as a significant advantage to her own political career.

After all, even though Ustashi individuals who had committed war crimes during WWII have been convicted and sentenced in the post WWII Croatia, and wider, the Croatian anti-fascists haven’t stopped persecuting the pro-Nazi part of Croatia’s World War II, if anything, they’ve increased it. So why wouldn’t Vesna Pusic, who counts herself among the anti-fascists, want to hide her father’s suspicious and uncomfortable past?

The above newspaper article reveals facts uncovered about Pusic’s father from Croatian state archives. It includes the wording of oath sworn and signed by Eugen Pusic in 1942: “…that I will in my working capacity and outside it keep sacred every official secret I know …that I will not join any secret organisation and that I will evade every gathering/organisation that’s banned by the laws of the Independent State of Croatia …”.

Vesna Pusic has attacked the journalist Zvonimir Despot who wrote the article and accessed archives that show her father’s past in the pro-Nazi Croatian regime of World War II was not of anti-fascist nature, but opposite. She said that Despot has “attacked her father posthumously and that this is an embarrassment of monumental proportions” for Despot.

Evading the ugly truth by attacking the person who’s telling the truth is and has been the way anti-fascists have worked; Pusic is no different it seems.

Her beckoning of some kind of public’s sympathy – accusing the journalist of offending her father posthumously – doesn’t wash, especially not since she herself has on numerous occasions attacked dr Franjo Tudjman posthumously.  http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2000/jan/25/1 ; http://www.nacional.hr/clanak/10804/cacic-i-vesna-pusic-u-ratu-zbog-poraza

What’s good for the goose is good for the gander, Vesna!

In her reply to Despot’s article Vesna Pusic stated that her father worked as an “illegal” within the Ustashi movement. This is the same as saying that he was a secret collaborator for the anti-fascist movement (Partisans) from within high ranks of Pavelic’s men.

The blatantly odd and suspicion-arousing thing about Vesna Pusic’s defence of her father’s past is: why would he (and she) hide the assertion in anti-fascist run former Yugoslavia, and in modern Croatia, that he was a secret collaborator for the anti-fascists from within high Ustashi ranks during his life?

As the newspaper article points out: anyone who had worked for the anti-fascist cause during World War II took enormous pride and public accolades for it after anti-fascists won the war; why not Eugen Pusic, or his daughter Vesna?

Certainly nobody can be blamed for what their parent did, nor should that cast aspersions against the offspring, but if that offspring hides or is insincere about the deeds of that parent then that’s an another matter entirely.

In her biography, on her party’s website (http://vesna-pusic.hns.hr/clanak.php?id=138875 accessed 11 December 2011) Vesna Pusic says:

I have learned the most important things of life from my parents – about love, honesty, dignity and how every person is valuable and special…

Well, given the purposeful suppression from the public (dishonesty) of important parts of her father’s biography and, if her own biography is anything to go by when assessing the character of her honesty, then Croatia itself is in for an embarrassing ride.

As a sociologist Pusic would be aware of the “nature versus nurture” dilemma world scientists have been grappling with when it comes to attributing the effects of both/either on personality and character of adult human beings.

In the case of Vesna Pusic the dilemma seems to disappear: it seems both the “nature and nurture” from her family have contributed to a stark dishonesty equally.

Who is Vesna Pusic and what nature of “honesty” has she learned from her family?

What honesty will she employ as a minister in Croatia’s new government?

Will she join the ranks among Croatian population for prosecutions against Communist crimes, or will she ignite yet another candle to keep Tito’s ghost warm in Croatia and send the new democracy back to dark ages of communist lies and false economies? Ina Vukic, Prof.(Zgb), B.A., M.A.Ps.(Syd)

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